The capital of New South Wales is Sydney, the site of the country’s oldest European settlement and its largest and most cosmopolitan city, with ethnic communities from more than 100 countries. The city’s icons include The Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney Harbour Bridge and The Sydney Opera House. Sydney hosted the 2000 Olympic Games, an important international finance centre and home to one of the world’s great seaports.

New South Wales is in the south-east part of the Australian continent and is the most populous and heavily industrialised State in Australia, with a highly urbanised population.

The total area of the State is 802 000 square kilometres or 10.4 per cent of Australia’s total area and includes Lord Howe, a small island in the Pacific Ocean.